Harmful effects of drinking alcohol

Harmful effects of drinking alcohol

The possible harms of alcohol are numerous, and through the following article, we will discuss the most important and prominent of these possible harms.

Harmful effects of drinking alcohol

The physical effects of alcohol

There are several effects of alcohol on the body:

Short term damages

  • Headache.
  • Loss of the individual's ability to cohesion and the ability to react.
  • vomiting.
  • Slurred speech, i.e. the loss of the ability to speak clearly and understandably.
  • Loss of consciousness, nausea.

Long range damages

  • Increased risk of developing pancreatitis.
  • Great and fatal damage to the nervous system and brain.
  • An imbalance in the functioning of hormones in the body.
  • High risk of stroke, vascular and heart diseases.
  • Memory loss, irregular thoughts, and unclear and confused thinking.
  • High incidence of some types of cancer such as cancer of the esophagus, pharynx, liver, breast, mouth, and throat. Inflammation of the lining of the stomach.
  • Drinking about fourteen glasses of wine a week leads to a decrease in the size of the brain by one and a half percent of its original size, and this decrease is greater in women than in men.
  • Pregnant women drinking alcohol hinders the development of their children's brains, and thus children are born with small brain sizes, as well as alcohol causes deformities for the child, especially in the facial area, and also hinders their normal and proper growth.
  • Early dementia, as well as depression.
  • Low levels of vitamin B1 in the body, as well as the body's loss of its ability to absorb nutrients, and this condition results in malnutrition.
  • Liquor causes the death of liver cells during the filtration phase and rids the body of its toxins, and thus the liver becomes damaged.
  • Adolescents' brain development is hindered well, and thus they lose their ability to control their movements, and they lose part of their memory. It should be noted that the degree of adolescents' vulnerability to drinking alcohol is due to their age.

Social effects of alcohol

Effects of alcohol on society:
  1. The crime rate in society is rising, as is the rate of traffic accidents.
  2. The family is exposed to disintegration, and social relations with friends and relatives are affected by apathy and interruption.
  3. The individual loses his ability to produce and spends a lot of money buying these expensive drinks.

The effects of alcohol on the brain

People who drink in moderation have smaller brains, and women who drink alcohol lose brain mass twice as often as men who are addicted to alcohol. In general, brain size correlates with the ability to analyze.

Also, the consumption of alcohol by parents hinders the development of the brains of children of alcoholics. It was found that alcoholics who have a family history of alcoholism or frequent drinking have a smaller brain size compared to alcoholics, but without a history. Familial, including alcohol problems.

This fact suggests that alcohol-induced brain damage can occur not only as a result of excessive drinking but also due to genetic and environmental factors.

Brain recovery from alcohol damage

Excessive consumption of alcohol may reduce the size of the brain, and harm memory, learning, and organizational skills, but once you stop drinking alcohol, the brain can recover most of its capabilities if not all, and it is worth noting that both sexes are exposed to the same negative effects that result from drinking alcohol, but women They are affected by the effects of alcohol more quickly than men.

The effects of alcohol on the liver

It should be noted that liver cells are unable to renew themselves, and it may take long periods to develop new cells, and every time the liver cells work to filter alcohol, a number of them die, so abuse of alcohol for a long time may lead to severe damage to the liver, and reduce From the ability of its cells to regenerate, and excessive alcohol consumption is linked to increased chances of liver disease and damage, and many health risks.

As for the complications of alcohol-related liver disease, they may include what may be life-threatening:

  1. internal bleeding
  2. Accumulation of toxins in the brain.
  3. Fluid buildup in the abdomen.
  4. Liver Cancer.

Treatment of alcohol-related liver disease

There is currently no special medical treatment for alcohol-related liver disease, but it is possible that the main treatment in such cases is to stop drinking, and this will prevent further damage to the liver, and in some cases, the liver cells may repair themselves, and in severe cases In which the liver stops working even after abstaining from alcohol, a liver transplant may be required.

The effects of alcohol on hair

There are several reasons why alcohol consumption may threaten the health of your hair, which are:

  • Excessive drinking affects zinc levels in the body, and it is known that zinc deficiency in the body may lead to hair loss and weakness.
  • Excessive drinking affects estrogen levels, increasing them, and leading to hair loss.
  • Alcohol consumption affects the levels of some nutrients important for hair health, such as vitamin B  and vitamin C.

How to quit alcohol

If you want to quit drinking, it may not be that simple. These simple tips may help you stop drinking:
  • Set real goals and write them down on a piece of paper while reminding yourself of the reasons behind them, such as health reasons, social reasons, or even financial reasons.
  • Always remind yourself of the dangers of alcohol to your health.
  • Gradually start quitting alcohol, especially if you are addicted to it. Gradually reduce the quantity and volume, and treat yourself to foods that contain alcohol.
  • Involve someone close to you in your problem to support and encourage you.


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